A dislocation is a partial or total loss of the physical coherence between two surfaces of a joint that should remain together. It is produced by an external force that causes the rift of several structures that support the joint (capsular ligament).
Symptoms: a grotesque deformity of the joint happens as a consequence of the trauma, severe pain, total functional disability and alteration of general vital signs.
A dislocation implies an imminent possibility of arterial and peripheral nerves damage (due to the displacement). It is considered as a real orthopedic emergency.
It is very important that friends or people that are in the place of the event do not try to move or fix the affected joint. The person should be taken immediately and as far as possible to a medical center.
-Check if there are no fractures associated to the dislocation.-Mechanical or chirurgical reestablishment of the joint’s placement.
• Rehabilitation phase
-Functional recovery of the affected zone with physiotherapy, (stretching, strengthening and recovery of body awareness).