Vascular syndromes are less frequent and do not make part of the musculoskeletal system injuries. Still, they can be caused by demanding physical activity as they can be a consequence of direct major traumas or repetitive minor traumas (like efforts or training).
The vascular structures (arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels) can swell and even get obstructed. This produces local swelling symptoms that are sometimes severe, as well as all the consequences that derivate from the obstruction of the blood or lymphatic flow.
Symptoms: local swelling, pain, ischemia (local, regional or total circulatory decrease in an extremity), venous congestion and diffuse swelling.
-It is important to make an early diagnosis because vascular syndromes can evolve into serious illnesses, even though the cause is not always severe. Whenever there’s a suspicion of a vascular syndrome, it is very important to visit the doctor immediately.
-The doctor will decide if treating only with rest and anti-inflammatory medication or if it is necessary to make a medicated anticoagulation process or a catheterization (procedure of vascular cleansing).